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Developing accessible content is one of the ways we can make the largest impact toward ensuring access for all members of our community.  Included here are techniques and resources for creating accessible content.

可访问文档和pdf文件

不管你的听众是谁, 学生, 同事, 更大社区的成员, 校友, 你想让你的信息传达给那些预期的接收者. 可访问性对于确保你的信息得到传达至关重要.

易访问的Word和PDF文件的快速提示

设置文档

  • 为文档分配属性,即.e. 标题,作者,主题,关键词.
  • 语言设置为英文,除非是已翻译的文档.
  • Create a concise file name that does not contain spaces or special characters.
  • 一旦文件完成,设置适当的保护措施.
  • Use Sans Serif fonts, such as Calibri, Arial, or Veranda; avoid Serif fonts such as Times New Roman.
  • PDF文档的附加要求
    • 设置Word-PDF转换设置.
    • 设置PDF可访问性设置.
    • 语言设置为英文,除非是已翻译的文档.

构造文档中的内容

  • Use styles for title, headings, and subheadings and to bold or emphasize important text.
  • 对项目符号和编号列表项使用样式.
  • 对多列中的文本使用列特性.
  • 地方草案, 日期, 中心文档中的版本或标题信息, 不只是在页眉和/或页脚区域或作为水印.
  • Hyperlinks require meaningful names related to the subject rather than "click here"
  • Hyperlink URL addresses begin with http:// or http:// instead of just www.tonygriffinfoundation.com.
  • Hyperlinks, including email addresses, should be keyboard accessible
  • 避免使用闪烁/闪烁的文本和/或动画文本.
  • Ensure that any internal links such as Table of Contents function properly.
  • Provide alternative text descriptions for all images, graphs, charts and tables.
  • Use paragraph settings for formatting white space instead of adding multiple returns
  • 填写的表单经过有意义的组织,并且包含表单字段.
  • 在文本和背景之间使用强烈的对比.e. 在文档中使用表格
  • 为所有表分配标题行.
  • 避免使用合并单元格.
  • 逻辑地组织表格标题和单元格.
  • 将书签分配给表格的左上角单元格.
  • PDF文档的附加要求
    • 检查内容和其他视觉对象的逻辑阅读顺序.
    • 用于文档中基于视觉的内容的描述性文本
      • Descriptive text on visual elements is critical for conveying information. Without this information a non-visual person will likely miss information you wanted them to have.
      • Keep descriptions limited to the pertinent information taken away by a visual consumer of the information. For example: If you have an image of a person crossing the street is it sufficient to say a person walking across the street? Or is it important that the reader know the person is a woman and she is wearing red shoes?

在分发文档之前,检查文档是否有任何问题

  • 使用可访问性检查器特性来检查问题.
  • 纠正发现的任何问题.

有用的资源